Most Common Human Rights Issues in Central Asia



Observers from the United Nations Development Program in Eurasia named six widespread human rights issues in Central Asia and Eastern Europe that cause violence, exclusion and discrimination.


According to the observers, hate speech is omnipresent in the region and “nationalistic rhetoric continues to undermine trust between communities”. Actually, there were a series of incidents when hate speech caused massive violence and bloodshed in the region. Although there are legislations prohibit inciting hatred in all Central Asian states; however, there were cases the States tent to use these legislations to silence political dissent.


In their article, the experts also mentiones the challenges for civil society organizations to operate and the threats human rights defenders face in their daily activities in the region. The laws have been issued and worked out in a way that they usually restrict grassroots civil rights NGOs ' participation in public affairs.


The article also warns about the rising displacement of people due to conflicts in Ukraine and the discriminations and inequalities that the mass of Central Asian labor migrants face in Russia and Turkey.


Furthermore, the article states the male dominance in regional societies and the discrimination of women, the disabled and any other minority groups. In fact, very few women in Central Asia hold managerial leadership positions. The mainstream society keeps ignoring the presence of marginalized groups across the region. Disabled people are excluded from political decision making and treated unequal in terms of educational and employment opportunities.


Last but not least, the article points out how some traditions can contribute to discrimination and violence. The authors provide “bride kidnapping” as an example and emphasize how this practice can serve as justification for female harassment.